Hyaluronic acid is a natural human skin substance. When injected, it retains water molecules and supports better connection of collagen and elastin fibers. Hyalouronic acid fills permanent skin folds or some areas that need volume increase (i.e. lips), with different techniques depending on the defective area. The material has the texture of a pliable and soft gel which flows easily under the skin, while it contains a substance with local anesthetic activity as well.
The process is simple and immediately after the treatment the patient can fully return to its activities. Small irritation may appear in the area of application but it usually disappears within 24 hours. Serious side effects are not present. Nevertheless it is significant that the medical history of the patient has been previously discussed with the doctor, so that any situation that is contraindicated (e.g diabetes) has been excluded.
Treatment with hyaluronic acid is often used along with vitamin complexes as a mesotherapy treatment for face and neck hydration.
Botox derives from a bacterium called Clostridium botulinum. When used correctly and in small doses, it has a number of theurapeutical and cosmetic uses. Reducing the appearance of facial wrinkles is its primary use. its effect lasts 3-12 months, depending mostly on the treatment area. People generally tolerate Botox treatment well and side effects (such as headache, mild pain or bruising) are not common.
New trend in Hollywood is called baby botox and leads to shiny skin without wrinkles but –most importantly- without the usual “frozen” look of the face. The specific treatment appeared first in USA, where plastic surgery had to meet the desire of the film directors for natural face expressions and the need of the actors for youthful beauty.